Combating Human Trafficking
- Source：Anti-Human Trafficking Section
The 4 “Ps” paradigm- Prosecution, Protection, Prevention, and Partnership is the fundamental framework used by Taiwan to combat human trafficking. It includes the prevention of crime, strengthening victim protection and improving prosecution efforts, in collaboration with private sector for strengthening government’s capacity, and strengthening international cooperation. This effective and comprehensive anti-trafficking response helped Taiwan remain recognized as Tier 1 of the United States' Annual Trafficking in Persons Report for the 12th straight year, on July 2, 2021.
Policies and Achievements
The Executive Yuan promulgated the Human Trafficking Prevention Action Plan in November 2006, and established an Executive Yuan board to coordinate anti-trafficking efforts in February 2007 (renamed “Executive Yuan Coordination Committee on Prevention of Human Trafficking and Elimination of Racial Discrimination” (hereinafter referred to as the “Coordination Committee”) on May 8, 2010). The National Immigration Agency (NIA) acts as a coordinating agency in this Coordination Committee. The Human Trafficking Prevention Act （the Act）was promulgated by the President on January 23, 2009 and entered into force on June 1, 2009. The related Regulations and Enforcement Rules, governing the criminal prosecution and resettlement for victims, also entered into force at the same time and made great contribution in combating human trafficking.
Taiwan retained Tier 1 status for the 12th consecutive year in the 2021 Trafficking in Persons Report released July 1 by the U.S. Department of State. In 2010, there were 2 meetings held by the Coordination Committee. The 2019-2020 Anti-Exploitation Action Plan which includes 4 broad areas, 11 major programs and 23 projects was carried out efficiently. The Ministry of Interior announced the 2021-2022 Anti-Exploitation Action Plan on January 14, 2021 and revised it on April 12, 2021. This action plan consist of 25 projects as well as 76 correspondent specific measures, and has inter-agency coordination and cooperation mechanisms in place for the coming 2 years.
(1) Strengthening the prosecution of TIP perpetrators
From January to May 2021, the law enforcement authorities investigated 48 cases of suspicion of trafficking crimes—10 cases of alleged labor trafficking and 38 cases of alleged sex trafficking. Meanwhile, the prosecutorial agencies prosecuted 11 TIP cases; this included 2 individuals convicted for forced labor and 23 convicted for sex trafficking.
(2) Strengthening the protection of victims
From January to April 2021, in collaboration with civil society partners, the NIA and the Ministry of Labor resettled 43 foreign victims and provide them with life caring, medical and psychological services, legal counseling, accompanying service during the process of investigation, language interpretation and the related service.
(3)Increasing the awareness of human trafficking and prevention
a. The related agencies take efforts through multi channels to give those foreigners coming to Taiwan a better understanding of their rights and keep more people from falling prey to traffickers. The NIA also held a Train-the-Trainer seminar, inviting experienced prosecutors, to provide the local police with anti-trafficking training on March 26, 2021.
b. The related agencies also provide training courses to train officers on recognizing human trafficking and responding to this issue appropriately. The NIA hold regular 2 meetings annually to provide civil servants with anti-trafficking training.
(4)Strengthening the international cooperation
a. From 2011 to June 2021, Taiwan has signed the Agreement or Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation in immigration affairs and human trafficking prevention with 22 countries.
b. The NIA has been working with its partners in the international community through various visiting activities and seminars.
It takes collaboration among private sector, civil society partners and the government agencies to combat human trafficking. The government will keep strengthening its efforts against human trafficking to uphold the spirit that Taiwan is a nation founded upon the principles of human rights.