Combating Human Trafficking
- Source：Anti-Human Trafficking Section
The 4 “Ps” paradigm- Prosecution, Protection, Prevention, and Partnership—is the fundamental framework used by Taiwan to combat human trafficking. It includes the prevention of crime, strengthening victim protection and improving prosecution efforts, collaborating with the private sector to strengthen government capacity, and strengthening international cooperation.
This effective and comprehensive anti-trafficking response helped Taiwan remain recognized as a Tier 1 country in the United States' Annual Trafficking in Persons Report for the 13th consecutive year, on July 19, 2022.
Policies and Achievements
(1) The Executive Yuan promulgated the Human Trafficking Prevention Action Plan in November 2006, and established an Executive Yuan board to coordinate anti-trafficking efforts in February 2007 (renamed “Executive Yuan Coordination Committee on Prevention of Human Trafficking and Elimination of Racial Discrimination” (hereinafter referred to as the “Coordination Committee”) on May 8, 2010), under which the NIA serves as the coordination secretariat. The Human Trafficking Prevention Act （the Act）was promulgated by the President on January 23, 2009 and entered into force on June 1, 2009. The related Regulations and Enforcement Rules, governing the criminal prosecution and victim protection and access to shelters, also entered into force at the same time and made great contribution to combating human trafficking.
(2) In response to concerns over the rights of fishers raised by foreign and domestic NGOs, on May 20,2022, the Executive Yuan approved the Action Plan on Human Rights and Fishery Industry, which is to be implemented by the Ministry of Labor, the Ministry of the Interior, the Ocean Affairs Council, the Agriculture Council and the Ministry of Justice, with the aim to promote human rights and labor rights in the fishery industry, to enhance our national image and to achieve sustainable industry development.
Taiwan maintained Tier 1 status for the 13th consecutive year in the 2022 Trafficking in Persons Report released July 19 by the U.S. Department of State. In 2022, three meetings have been held to implement the 2021-2022 Anti-Exploitation Action Plan, which consists of 25 projects as well as 76 correspondent specific measures. During the same time, the EY instructed The Council of Agriculture to present the Action Plan on Human Rights and Fishery Industry, which integrates the Cooperative Mechanism for Strengthening Combat against Human Trafficking at Sea drafted by the Ministry of the Interior. Taiwan has been dedicated to combating human trafficking and will continue its efforts in the coming 2 years.
(1) Strengthening the prosecution of TIP perpetrators: From January to the end of June 2022, the law enforcement agencies have investigated 43 cases of suspected trafficking crimes—7 cases of alleged labor trafficking and 36 cases of alleged sex trafficking. During the same period, the Prosecutors Offices prosecuted 36 TIP cases with 80 defendants. Of the 39 convicted, 7 individuals were convicted for forced labor and 32 for sex trafficking.
(2) Strengthening the protection of victims
From January to June 2022, in collaboration with civil society partners, the NIA and the Ministry of Labor referred 36 foreign victims to shelters and provided them with life caring, medical and psychological services, legal counseling, accompanying service during the process of investigation, language interpretation and the related services.
(3)Increasing the awareness of human trafficking and prevention
a. The related agencies take efforts through multiple channels to raise nationals' awareness on human trafficking as well as to enhance foreigners' understanding of their rights. In 2021, the NIA made 3 combating human trafficking awareness campaign posters (in multiples languages), and asked for the central and local governments' assistance in publicizing. The posters are also available on the NIA's official website for download.
b. The related agencies also include human trafficking prevention courses in their training. The NIA provides at least one seminar to public and private sectors annually. A training session with the topic of Combating Human Trafficking and Online Gender-Based Violence was held on July 29, 2022 with 142 attendees.
(4)Strengthening the international cooperation
a. The 2022 International Workshop on Strategies for Combating Human Trafficking, both in-person and through teleconference, was held on August 23-24, 2022. Speakers from the U.K., Belgium, Australia, South Korea, Indonesia as well as the U.S. were invited to take part in discussions on the topics of "The Emerging Human Trafficking Trends and Countermeasures during the COVID-19 Pandemic", "The Rrole of Digital Technology in Human Trafficking" and "Seizure and Confiscation of the Human Trafficking Proceeds". The focus was on how the public sector and the private operators may join force in combating human trafficking.
b. From 2011 to July 2022, Taiwan has signed the Agreement or Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation in immigration affairs and human trafficking prevention with 22 countries.
c. The NIA has been working with its partners in the international community through various visiting activities and seminars.
It takes collaboration between the private sector, civil society partners, and government agencies to combat human trafficking. The government will keep strengthening its efforts against human trafficking to uphold the spirit that Taiwan is a nation founded upon the principles of human rights.